Nui Nhan – Swallow Mountain, also known as Swallow Tower Mountain, Stupa Mountain, Dinh Tower Mountain or Monkey Mountain, this is a small mountain located in the middle of Tuy Hoa delta, on the north bank of Da River, ward 1, Tuy Hoa City, Phu Yen province, Vietnam. About 120 km from Nha Trang city to the north.
Swallow mountains is about 60 meters above sea level, with the circumference of 1 km around the mountain. This mountain is also small, but because there was an ancient tower above so was still listed in the book of Nguyen dynasty.
Previously, had many trees on the Nhan mountain, especially wild apricot and had many species of birds such as swallows (hence the nameSwollowMountain), and lots of monkeys (so the mountain is also known as Monkey Mountain). Later, around 1961, because of military needs, the trees were cleared to build stationed, so monkeys and birds also gradually go elsewhere.
Today, standing on Swallow mountain, we can see a large area of Phu Yen and the entire of Tuy Hoa city, Ngoc Binh flower villages, Da Bia Mountain, the Sea and two parallel bridge for rail and road about 1,100 m long across the Da Rang River.
On the official name of this mountain (Swallow mountain), there are three hypotheses. One is by mountain shaped look like a swallow bird that spread his wings. Second, in the old days there were many tern birds stayed on this mountain. And third, because there was an ancient Cham towers on mountains which look like a tern.
There was a legend about the formation of Tern Mountain, legend had it that the ancient past, the land of Tuy Hoa was a low-lying wetlands, were the habitats of many aquatic species and predators. To make land for peoples, and also to protect peoples, one day God sent down a giant to carry stone to fill the sunken area, formed all the fieldn of Tuy Hoa today. However, when he carried stones to the sea, because he wanted to go back heaven soon, so the giant has burden doubled times. Thus, in one time, the pole was suddenly break because too heavy, dropping down two baskets of rocks, and these were the two mountains clusters: Nhan Mountain and Chop Chai Mountain.
On the Swallow mountain had an ancient Cham tower called Swallow Tower. Thus, the mountain is also known as Swallow Tower mountain, Stupa Mountain, or Dinh Tower Mountain.
Swallow towers were built by the Cham people around the 11th century. Tower was structured as block of solid square pyramid, about 25 meters high, including all four floors shrink slowly when rising. In 1988 The Nhan Tower was recognized as the national monuments of architecture and arts by the ministry of Culture and Information.
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